Multidrug-resistant tuberculosis (MDR TB) and extensively drug resistant tuberculosis (XDR TB) are growing threats to the health of residents in the United States. MDR TB is resistant to two of the most commonly used drugs to treat the disease. XDR TB is resistant to almost all of the drugs used to treat TB, which means it can be virtually untreatable and fatal.
Cases of XDR TB have been found in every region of the world, including the U.S. Because airplanes make it easier to travel to places where the disease is more prevalent, such as Africa, both forms of tuberculosis pose a potential threat in this country. State legislators may need to evaluate quarantine laws and emergency preparedness measures to see if their state is ready for a potential outbreak of MDR or XDR TB.
Here are some helpful resources from the CDC to help legislators understand more about tuberculosis: